When handling the IP booter, you also need to understand about the DNS amplification. It is like a person calling a restaurant and requesting for one of everything and asking the receiver to repeat everything of their whole order when the callback belongs to the victim. With less effort, a long response is what is normally generated and then send back to the victim.
Through making a request to the open DNS server with an IP address that is spoofed, which is the one belonging to the victim, the IP address that is targeted is able to receive a response from the server.
What is the DDoS attack mitigating process?
The main concern of mitigating an attack by DDoS is having to differentiate between normal traffic and attack traffic. If for example it has the swapping of the company website with eager customers, to cut off the traffic might be a mistake. If the company has a surge in traffic that happens suddenly, efforts of alleviating an attack might be necessary.
The difficult is normally in the real customer having to be distinguished from the attack. In the modern internet, the DDoS traffic normally comes in various forms. The traffic might vary in their design from a single that is unspoofed to attacks that are single source to those which are complex and attacks that are multi-vector adaptive.
When it comes to a multi-vector DDoS attack, it uses various pathways of attacking so that it overwhelms a target in various ways, thereby potentially distracting the efforts of mitigation on any of the trajectory.
An attack which targets various layers of the protocol that stack at a particular time, like the DNS amplification that targets 3 or 4 layers and coupled with an HTTP flood that targets 7 layers might be taken as an example of DDoS that is multi-vector. Having to mitigate a DDoS that is multi-vector requires various strategies so that the different trajectories are countered.
Speaking generally, when the attack is more complex, it might become hard to separate the traffic from the normal one. The attacker’s goal is to be able to blend with it as much as possible and thus, the mitigation efforts become inefficient.
The mitigation attempts which involve limiting or dropping traffic in an indiscriminately might throw traffic that is good out together with the bad traffic and the attack might also get modified and adapt in circumventing the countermeasures. In order to overcome an attempt that is complex at the disruption, a solution which is layered will bring out great benefits.
One of the many solutions that is normally available almost virtually to all the admins on the networks is creating a black hole route where traffic will be funneled into the route. In its form that is simplest, when the black hole is filtered, it is implemented without any specific criteria of restriction, both malicious and legitimate network traffic that is routed to a route that is null.